Saffron has a wide variety of plant compounds that act as antioxidants. Major saffron antioxidants include crocin, crocetin, safranal and kemperanol. As per studies, they protect your cells against both free radicals and oxidative stress.
Crocin and crocetin are carotenoid pigments. They are colour giving pigment for saffron. Both the compounds have antidepressant properties. Safranal gives saffron its unique taste and aroma.